In a typical boiler, fuel oil is sprayed into the combustion chamber of the boiler through an atomizer, which converts the liquid fuel into a mist of small drops of oil. When the boiler is burning straight fuel oil, the oil drops retain their original size and the combustion chamber is not able to completely burn the fuel oil. This incomplete combustion limits the efficiency of the boiler. The incomplete combustion process also generates significant harmful emissions, including NOx and soot.
A CavitroniX™ system creates a “petroleum emulsion.” An emulsion is a mixture of two liquids that cannot be chemically combined. A water-in-oil emulsion consists of fine water droplets, uniformly distributed throughout the fuel oil. Because the bulk of our emulsion consists of oil (typically 85% oil; 15% water), each drop of water is surrounded by a larger amount of oil.
CavitroniX™’s emulsion is sprayed into the combustion chamber in the same way as regular fuel oil; however, each drop contains water at its core. As each drop of CavitroniX™ emulsion reaches the high heat of the combustion chamber, water at the core of the droplet bursts into steam in a “micro explosion”. The sudden burst of steam shatters the surrounding fuel oil into much smaller droplets, dramatically increasing the surface area of fuel oil in the combustion thereby obtaining more complete combustion of the oil.